Specialists from foreign research schools and institutes dealing with brain aging have determined that obesity, diabetes, and hypertension are among the main reasons why the brain begins to lose ground earlier. They built their conclusions on the study of MRI data of several thousand people in the age group of 37-55 years. In addition, all subjects passed a special test for logic. About what is premature aging of the brain, who is at risk and what factors provoke its development, in the material AiF.ru.
What is the essence of the problem?
Many people use the term “brain aging” to mean the development of pathologies such as senile dementia, Alzheimer’s syndrome and Parkinson’s disease. It seems to many that the brain begins to age no earlier than 50, or even 60 years. In fact, there are theories that the change in its functions in the direction of extinction starts at 35-36 years old, of course, very, very slowly and imperceptibly for a person at almost the initial stages. But today there are cases of the onset of destructive processes in people who have barely crossed the line of 30 years.
It is believed that brain aging begins with damage to cells that are responsible for the production of dopamine – the hormone responsible for obtaining pleasure, motivation and the desire for learning. An imbalance develops, which further pulls atrophic processes.
Irritability appears, changes in character (often negative), an excessive tendency to moralizing;
This all happens naturally against the background of a decrease in dopamine. Often, age-related changes in the brain affect sleep – it is disturbed, becomes less high-quality, does not provide an opportunity to relax.
If you have such symptoms, you can determine if your brain aging has actually begun by using computed tomography. She will fully show what is happening with the body, which parts of it suffer.
Causes of the problem
Among the reasons that lead to the development of premature aging of the brain, several factors are named at once.
Moreover, it is considered key. If you consume a lot of refined foods, smoked and semi-finished products, such as sausages and sausages, processed cheeses, alcohol, margarine, then there will be nothing good for the body as a whole. This is due to the fact that dyes and other potentially harmful components that make up such products break down the barriers of the protective membranes of the brain and can directly damage organ tissues. Moreover, this is confirmed by research. So, people with Alzheimer’s syndrome were studied, and in 10 cases out of 10, the subjects adhered to just such a diet. In addition, it is these products that lead to the development of obesity, which not only ages the brain, but also directly affects the development of heart attacks, strokes and other problems with the body.
Everything is quite simple here: you need to revise your menu in favor of a healthier and more balanced one. Be sure to connect clean drinking water, which flushes out everything unnecessary from the body, dilutes blood, etc. It’s worth eating foods that help the brain function normally – vegetable oils rich in oleic acid, seafood and fish, broccoli, beans, onions, herbs and lettuce.
2. Bad habits
Smoking and alcohol consumption have an extremely negative effect on the condition of the body. Everyone knows this, but continues to underestimate the risks. So, for example, tobacco smoke leads to spasms of blood vessels and poor blood circulation, including in the brain. And without enough nutrition, organ cells begin to die. In addition, tobacco smoke compounds cause thinning of neurons, as a result of which electrical impulses are transmitted worse and move randomly – this is what causes irritability, forgetfulness, and inattention.
Naturally, it is worth minimizing the consumption of such harmful substances. And even better to quit altogether, because even 2-3 cigarettes cause irreparable damage, 1 glass of wine or a stronger drink consumed daily can also have a devastating effect on all body systems.
3. Overwork and stress
If you strain your body every day, and even do it beyond measure, sooner or later it will simply tear. Therefore, do not persist. Do not overload the brain every day. In the process of heavy loads, the cells of the organ begin to tear, which means that they can no longer work as healthy ones, the biochemical reactions begin to fail, and a vicious circle forms. Moreover, excessive loads for gray matter are not physical education or some other hard physical work, but long sitting at a computer or books, working with numbers.
Stress is also not very good for the state of the brain. They lead to spasms of blood vessels, cause malnutrition. Stress strikes a part of the brain such as the pineal gland. Namely, sleep hormone – melatonin – is formed in it. Again, a vicious circle: less sleep hormone, a person has worse rest, cannot recover, the brain suffers even more.
In order not to get overwork, you should be responsible for breaks in the working day – you should definitely get up, do gymnastics if possible, and walk in the fresh air. Ideally, you should take a break of 10-15 minutes every 1-2 hours of working time.
Stress management should also have a place in your routine. It is worth finding a hobby that will give pleasure, you can connect sedatives on a plant basis. Well, of course, you should get enough sleep, and it is advisable to take into account the peak in melatonin production, which falls at 22-23 hours and lasts until one in the morning when going to bed. At this time, it is already advisable to sleep.
The means to prevent brain aging are simple. And if you perform them from an early youth, and not abuse the body’s reserves, you can protect yourself from premature brain aging and enjoy a longer full life with a clean and bright mind.